Materials library

Materials are at the core of Space Available’s practice. They offer a place of experimentation, exploration and collaboration through the study of material ecology. 

The materials we use encompass a diverse range, including recycled plastic waste, mycelium composite, natural rattan, upcycled cotton from garment factories, recycled nylon, organic cotton, and plant-based dyes. 

By making our research accessible we hope to inspire fellow makers to adopt a more holistic and circular approach to creating products. Our intention is that none of our products will end up as waste.


Each year 11 millions tons of waste plastic enter our oceans. This is a problem we can no longer ignore. 

We may not be able to escape plastic, but we can give it a new purpose. Our plastic material is 100% recycled – sourced from Indonesian landfills and waterways. Discarded plastic bottles and caps are collected, cleaned, ground and then melted into plastic sheets or other shapes using moulds.

We have now recycled almost two million plastic bottles and caps. All our plastic products are recyclable and repairable through our repair service. This ensures our goods are kept within the circulatory system, preventing unnecessary production and overconsumption.


Mycelium Composite

We explore mycelium as an ecological material of the future. Mycelium is made from the underground root system of fungi. The mycelium we use is purposefully lab-grown from agricultural waste as a bio-based alternative to harmful synthetic materials. It is compostable and will return to the soil as nourishment for the earth.

After the mycelium substrate is grown from agricultural waste, it is incubated to enhance the mycelium metabolism and then moulded or formed into the desired shape. Finally, the mycelium object undergoes treatment to ensure the durability of the material.

Mycelium Leather

We explore mycelium as an ecological leather of the future. Made from the underground root system of fungi, Mylea™ is a bio-based leather alternative that is completely nature-based. 

To create Mylea™, a mycelium sheet is grown on a fabric backing after being incubated.

Mylea™ is also compostable and will return to the soil as nourishment for the earth. 

Our Mycelium products are made possible by the scientists and engineers at Mycotech.


Macroalgae, more commonly known as seaweed, plays a key role in carbon sequestration.
It absorbs a staggering 173 million metric tons of CO2 annually and contributes to around 70% of the Earth's total oxygen production. 

Seaweed-derived materials can be utilised for bioplastics, composites, fabric dyes, yarn, foam, paper, and edible films. As algae grow much faster than e.g. cotton, and require much less farmland and no insecticides and pesticides, they are a promising alternative to many conventional materials used in textiles and homeware production.

Our exploration of seaweed as a biomaterial is made possible by Tŷ Syml.


Food waste that ends up in landfills and rots produces a large amount of methane – a more powerful greenhouse gas than CO2. The food wasted in landfills is responsible for roughly 8% of global emissions.

But food waste doesn’t have to be lost. It can be turned into a biodegradable, compostable and an even edible bioplastic. This bioplastic can last up to three years but will completely dissolve in water after two hours.


After water, coffee was found to be the second most consumed beverage worldwide. But contrary to water coffee causes a byproduct that is responsible for high CO2 emissions as coffee grounds often end up in landfill. 

As the global consumption of coffee continues to increase, we need to find ways to give coffee waste a new purpose. Coffee grounds can be turned into a bio-based material that functions as a renewable and biodegradable alternative to plastic. 

Bioplastic derived from coffee grounds can be used for injection moulding and 3D printing.


The fashion industry generates an estimated 92 million tons of textile waste every year. And every second, the equivalent of one garbage truck of textiles is landfilled or burned across the globe. 

We source off-cuts and end-of-roll pieces destined for landfill and rework them within our upcycling lab. A new life for each thread. We offer a repair and give-back service on all garments. Due to the artisanal nature of the materials we work with, no two products are the same. 

Our upcycled textiles are made possible by the waste management innovation of Sober Denim.


Corn husks and cobs commonly end up as agricultural waste, as only the kernels are used in food production.

However, these waste products can be used as raw material for several applications such as textile products, paper, particleboards or for sound and thermal insulation. Corn husks can also be moulded by using corn starch as a binding agent. Corn husk products that use natural binding agents can be returned to earth as nutrients and help reduce plastic waste.


Bamboo is an ancient building material from the tropics that has a robust structure and tensile strength similar to that of steel. It is more widespread than wood and grows rapidly which makes is a quickly renewable resource perfect for building lightweight and sturdy structures. When grown, cut, treated, dryed and laminated correctly, bamboo can become as durable as conventional building materials.


Rattan is an incredibly fast-growing plant that makes for durable and flexible building material. The outer layer can be peeled off and used for weaving, while the core of the rattan is used for furniture. It is traditionally used for wickerwork, furniture, baskets, canes, woven mats, cordage, and other handicrafts.

We have used rattan in our weaving ecology collection in collaboration with master weaver Nano Uhero and his team of artisans in Bali. Due to the nature of the production process, no two woven rattan products are the same in shape or pattern.


One of the least energy- and water-intensive plants to grow, hemp is the superfood of the materials industry. Its fibres are flexible, resistant, lightweight, biodegradable and suitable for insulation. This makes it not only desirable as a fabric but also suitable for building and interior uses. One of the least energy- and water-intensive plants to grow, hemp is the superfood of the materials industry. Its fibres are flexible, resistant, lightweight, biodegradable and suitable for insulation. This makes it not only desirable as a fabric but also suitable for building and interior uses.


E-waste has become a significant environmental issue globally due to the rapid

advancement of technology, leading to shorter product lifecycles and increased electronic

consumption. 75% of all personal computers ever sold are now surplus electronics destined

for landfills. The amount of e-waste generated worldwide is increasing rapidly. In 2023,

global e-waste production reached a record 53.6 million metric tons, and it is expected to

continue rising in the coming years.

By repurposing those discarded materials, it minimizes the amount of e-waste that ends up

in landfills or is improperly disposed of, reducing pollution and conserving valuable


At Space Available we have addressed this problem through our Circular Design Academy in collaboration with artist Alfaz Syam, teaching how to turn broken keyboards and electronic waste into wearable pieces of art in an e-waste upcycling workshop.


Every year, an estimated one-trillion plastic bags are consumed worldwide.

We use bio-based packaging, made from compostable cassava, which serves as a plastic alternative. Our bags return to Mother Earth as nourishment for the soil. We use no single-use synthetic plastics within our ecosystem. The SA Lab constantly experiments with bio- and nature-based alternatives for packaging solutions.

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